The Egyptian pyramids are one of the amazing architectural achievements of the ancient world. The Giza pyramid complex has drawn more tourists from all over the world since the days of the Grand Tour and kids around the world who read the mysteries of ancient Egypt. The pyramids don’t reveal their secrets easily, but after a long time, researchers have come to learn many interesting and surprising facts about ancient Egypt through them. Superstition and Mythology mixed with technical prowess led the Pharaohs to contract these formidable structures that have proven to be some of the amazing indestructible pieces of architecture ever created.
Egyptian Pyramids History
The oldest famous pyramid in Egypt was constructing around 2630 B.C. at Saqqara, for the third dynasty’s King Djoser. Royal tombs were carved into the rock , in the starting of Dynastic 2950 B.C, and covered with a flat-roofed rectangular shape known as “mastabas” that were precursors to the pyramids. Egyptian pyramid’s history told us a lot about the pyramids. The Step Pyramid as a traditional mastaba but grew into something much more ambitious. This architect of pyramids was Imhotep, a healer, and priest who around 1400 years later would be deified as the patron saint of scribes and physicians. During the period of Djoser’s 20-year reign, the pyramid builders assembled six stepped layers of stone that eventually reached a height of 62 meters. It was the highest building of its time. The step pyramid was surrounded by complex of temples, shrines, and courtyards where Djoser could enjoy his afterlife.
The largest and first, the pyramid at Giza was built by the Pharaoh Khufu, which today stands 138 meters tall, is known as the “Great Pyramid” and was considered to be a wonder of the world. The second Pharaoh to build a pyramid at Giza was Khafre, which was on slightly smaller than Khufu’s. Scholars believe that the Sphinx monument, which lies near Khafre’s pyramid, was built by Khafre. The next pyramid build by Pharaoh at Giza was Menkaure, which stood only 65 meters tall.
How the pyramids were built?
Mark Leaner’s excavations have settled another debate about how the pyramids were built: For years, the question of slave labor. Popular culture has hypothesis the monuments as the bloody sites of backbreaking forced labor where thousands perished in involuntary servitude. They also revealed a substantial graveyard of workers who died on the job —Scholars now think the men responsible for the pyramids’ construction were likely to be skilled laborers. The work was dangerous enough without throwing the untrained into the mix.
Though most likely working voluntarily and handsomely rewarded— in short, not slaves — how they felt about the risks they took remains a mystery. Were they prestige to serve the pharaohs and build their vehicles to the afterlife? Or was there some kind of social obligation, a kind of draft that mixed danger and duty?
A lot of Scholars and historians are convinced that the building materials for the pyramids came from nearly 500 miles away. With their own traditional tools or equipment, the pyramid builders of ancient Egypt were about as accurate as we are today with 21th-century technology.” Though they didn’t have the cart or wheel as we imagine today, they might have made use of cylindrical tree trunks laid side to side along the ground. If they were able to lift their blocks onto those tree trunks, they could successfully roll them across the desert. But, there’re also some difficulties in how to lift the stones into position on an increasingly tall pyramid. No conclusive evidence has been found in favor of either of these ideas, about how the pyramids were built? but both remain intriguing possibilities. Some new revelations about how the pyramids were built have recently come to light. The first was from the Dutch team, who took a second look at Egyptian art depicting laborers hauling massive stones on sledges through the desert. The pyramids sit in the middle of miles of the dusty desert today. But, they were once surrounded by the floodplains of the Nile River. Lehner presented another hypothesis that if we could look far beneath the city of Cairo, we would find ancient Egyptian waterways that channeled the Nile’s water to the site of the pyramids’ construction. The people from the Egyptians would have carried massive stones onto boats and transported them on the river right to where they needed them. The strong point, Lehner has proof: his excavations have revealed an ancient port right by the pyramids where the stones would have landed.
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Egypt Pyramid Inside
You can go inside the pyramids but truly, it’s not as wonderful as getting inside the tombs at the Valley of the Kings. There are 3 pyramids of the Queens of Cheops and you can go inside. There’re no mummies inside because they were all moved to the Museum. The Egyptian Pyramids were often part of an extensive funerary complex that included the queen’s burial sites and mortuary temples for daily offerings. The king, Pharaoh’s final resting place was usually within a burial chamber underneath the pyramid. The Great pyramid has less open space inside, it’s hulking mass. It’s true that the great pyramid has subterranean chambers but they were never completed, this is the place where Napoleon is said to have sojourned deep inside. Napoleon would have reached the king’s chamber via a very tight ascending passageway, pass a Misnomer (Queen’s Chamber) and slightly taller corbelled called the Grand Gallery. Although Egypt pyramid inside has created a lot of attention, Napoleon would not have found any treasures in the chamber; he got only the enormous granite sarcophagus, once containing the king’s mummy, set firmly on the floor. By the time of Napoleon’s Egyptian campaign at the end of the 18 century, the pyramids would have long been plundered. Once inside the king’s chamber, Napoleon would have seen that it was small and lined, like other king’s chambers with thick granite blocks. He never revealed what had rattled him, but supposedly the entirely changed his life after that. It certainly attests to the power of the great pyramid to rouse a great leader’s imagination as well as our own, so what exactly is inside the great pyramid?
Using technology, tourists can see the pile of stones as if they were real and walk virtually along with its chambers, corridors and hidden spaces. There’re passageways into it and chambers in different parts, but much of the internal design had remained hidden until a team from France’s HIP Institute used an imaging method that helps cosmic rays to gain a view inside. In this method, muon particles are originated from interactions with rays and atoms in Earth’s upper atmosphere. It helps to penetrate hundreds of meters through stone before being absorbed. That allows for getting the shape of structuring inside the stone.
Egypt pyramid facts
Egypt pyramid has a lot of interesting facts. The Egyptians had a very strong belief the dead would continue to live as they had on earth. This can be seen in the many traditions of making offerings to the dead, to help them to flourish in the afterlife. In ancient Egypt, tombs were only built for Pharaohs and not the general public. Egyptians had a belief in the afterlife. The pharaoh’s tombs were meant to preserve their bodies and souls, as the number of tombs grew, people thought the necessary to protect them, and this is how the concept of pyramids came out. Pyramids were built mainly for tombs of the Pharaohs and others; people had smaller types of pyramids called Monas, way below the main pyramids to show the respect their position in relation to the kings.
Many people only know the Egyptian pyramids are impressive structures built many years ago in ancient Egypt and also known that the pyramids served as monumental burial sites where the Pharaohs were buried. But there are many more amazing facts about Egypt pyramid and curiosities about these fascinating structures. So, here are the some Egypt pyramid facts, which you might not be known before:
1. The great pyramid of Giza is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the last one still in existence
It contains chambers which made for the king and queen, The Grand Gallery, The Robbers tunnel, a modern opening gate and a huge void deep inside the pyramid. Approximately 2.3 billion rocks were used to make this pyramid.
2. The pyramids contained tunnels and mysterious boxes
Many scholars believe that these boxes and tunnels were meant for burying bulls but no evidence of bulls inside the pyramids has ever been found. Tunnels were discovered beneath the Giza pyramids and this shows that the Egyptians had mastered this building technology. The boxes that were cut with precision were also found and each of these boxes weighed as much as 100 tones.
3. Every pyramid had been robbed of its treasure by 1000 BC
The Egyptians believed that their pharaohs must be buried with their valuable treasure including Jewelry, Gold, clothes; coins etc were put in the tombs along with the mummies. That’s the reason, over the years, kings of the other kingdoms have destroyed the pyramids and taken wealth back to their kingdoms. In spite of hard to damage, smaller pyramids were targeted and their riches plundered. The Great Pyramid of Giza is the one such example and there is evidence of a failed break-in and the deep hole that was made in the pyramid’s structure is still visible today.
4. MOST PYRAMIDS WERE BUILT WEST OF THE NILE
Ancient Egyptian culture is full of superstitions and symbolism which led to decision making. The locations of the ancient pyramids were guided by this kind of mythology. As the pyramids were the final resting places of Pharaohs. Egyptian god closely connects with the afterlife, denoted the strength of new life. The setting sun came to symbolize death and the sun died in the west each night. The souls of the pharaohs were meant to associate with the setting sun before rising again in the morning, a symbol of eternal life. By placing pyramids to the west of the Nile, they lived right in the area that metaphorically signified death.
5. The Egyptians used Astronomy to guide constriction
One of the published researches in 2000 by Kate spencer of Cambridge University demonstrates how the Big Dipper and little dipper were used to align the pyramids in a north-south direction. The stars were a leading force in how the pyramids were aligned. The margin and measurements are so accurate which only have a 0.05-degree error. Interestingly, with this information in hand, it’s highly possible to date the pyramids using astronomical records
6. The Great Pyramid can tell time.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is impressive for much reason including the seven wonders of the ancient world, but one of the most interesting characteristics of this celebrated monument is that it can also tell time. The structure really acts as an enormous sundial, its shadow demonstrating the hour by falling on marks made in the stone. It couldn’t be just any old sundial, it’s level of sophistication meant that it not only told time but was able to signal equinoxes and solstices, therefore helped the Egyptians define the solar year.
7. The stones were heavier than elephants
How they were able to lift and fit these heavier stones up to the height of the pyramids remains a mystery. The single stone that were used to build the pyramids were up to 10 tones – heavier than an elephant. The pyramid’s height to about 203 steps and each of the stones has been placed with incredible precision and still stands strong today.
8. It took 200 years to build a pyramid
All about 138 pyramids (including small and big ones) were built in ancient Egypt. Plenty of time and effort was required to build these beautiful pyramids, which is averaging about 2 centuries. Their beauty not only lies in construction but also in the phenomenal amount of thought that went into their positioning in relation to the stars. It is astonishing that the ancient Egyptians could create buildings with such precision and this intelligent level of construction without the help of machinery and even before the invention of the wheel.
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Hi, friend! My name is Balkrishna and I’ve been trekking in mountain region, basking on exotic beaches, and dabbling in new cultures since 2015. I work abroad and remotely to support my adventure travel addiction. Follow along if you’re interested in travel and want to know more about new culture, best deals and top places from all continents.